Katherine Curcuruto, Occupational Therapist
James Bayliss, Health Promotions Officer AQ.
Walking. It's free, low risk and one of the most effective means of reducing the pain and stiffness associated with arthritis.
Walking is an excellent exercise option for people with arthritis. It's low impact, great for our joints and has amazing benefits for our health and wellbeing.
Physical activity has the potential to benefit both inflammatory and non-inflammatory forms of arthritis. However, exercise should not be used in isolation, it should form part of your arthritis management plan and be used in conjunction with other strategies prescribed by your healthcare team (e.g. medications, physiotherapy etc.). During flares, particularly those caused by inflammatory conditions, it is important to discuss with your doctor what forms of physical activity are best to help you navigate these tough periods.
It may seem a bit counter-intuitive to move what hurts, but low impact exercises, such as walking, are the leading non-drug treatment for the pain associated with arthritis. Walking helps boost the circulation of blood around our bodies and by doing so, encourages the flow of oxygen and other nutrients into our joints. This process can assist in alleviating some of the inflammation, pain and stiffness associated with arthritis, as well as promoting overall joint health.
Walking can also help to strengthen the other structures that support our joints, such as muscles, ligaments and tendons. Keeping these structures active and strong can help improve the flexibility and range of motion in our lower joints, decrease the load we place on them and also assist in maintaining their bone mineral density.
Cardiovascular and Metabolic Health – Walking is a recommended exercise for lowering blood pressure and improving overall heart health. As some forms of arthritis are linked to increased risk of heart disease, it is important to look after our heart as we care for our joints. Walking on a regular basis has been shown to help manage weight, control our cholesterol and assist in lowering blood pressure, in turn lowering our risk of heart disease and stroke. Walking also helps to reduce the risk of diabetes by assisting our metabolic system to function effectively.
Mental Health and Emotional Wellbeing – Walking makes you feel good. It can improve your mood by releasing 'feel good'
endorphins that help to reduce our stress levels. These endorphins can also help to reduce our brain's perception of pain and help trigger
positive feelings in our bodies.
As with any form of exercise, it is important to make walking part of your day-to-day routine. One easy way to do this is turning it into a social activity. Organise (or join) a walking group in your workplace, neighborhood or with your family and friends. This will help make walking seem like less of a chore and more like a social outing.
Remember when exercising with arthritis it is important to pace yourself - you don't want to end up taking one step forward and two steps back. Talk to your healthcare team, they can help you set goals and make sure that you are walking in a safe and effective manner. Once you have a plan in place, using pedometers and other gadgets to track your walking progress can help you to stay motivated and keep you on track in reaching your goals.
Although walking is low impact, you may still experience some aches and pains during or after walking. Using hot and cold therapies (e.g. ice and heat packs) may help you to recover after exercise. If you are experiencing excessive pain or discomfort due to walking, stop and check in with your healthcare team.
It is also important to:
Drink fluids - Staying hydrated is an important part of being physically active. Drinking plenty of water will ensure that you have the proper balance of electrolytes and water in your body, helping your muscles and mind to function effectively.
Slip, Slop, Slap, Slide and Seek - Remember, being Queenslanders we unfortunately live in the skin cancer capital of the world. Make sure, no matter the time of day, that you wear protective clothing and apply plenty of sunscreen before heading off for a walk.
Every one of us is busy, and it can sometimes be seemingly impossible to find the time to exercise. Luckily, walking is something that can easily be slipped into your daily activities, and you probably won't even notice. By making some small changes to your daily routine you will be amazed at how quickly you can rack-up some steps.
The Workplace - Unfortunately, the workplace has become an area where we spend a lot of time in a sedentary state. Fortunately, there are many things you can do to make your workplace more active.
Information provided on this website is of an educational nature and should not be relied on as medical advice. You should consult with
your health care professional about the appropriateness of this information for your particular case.
Always talk to your doctor and/or health professional before starting an exercise
program. A physiotherapist or exercise physiologist can suggest safe exercises and make sure you are doing your exercises correctly.
Arthritis Foundation. n.d. 12 Benefits of Walking. Retrieved from
Arthritis Foundation. n.d. Exercises for Arthritis. Retrieved from http://www.arthritis.org/living-with-arthritis/exercise/benefits/
Bumgardner, W. VeryWell. 2016. Ways to motivate yourself to walk. Retrieved from
Cooney JK, Law R-J, Matschke V, et al. Benefits of Exercise in Rheumatoid Arthritis. Journal of Aging Research. 2011;2011:681640. doi:10.4061/2011/681640.
The Heart Foundation of Australia 2016. Why Walk? Retrieved from http://walking.heartfoundation.org.au/why-walk/
LiveStrong Foundation 2015. Can walking improve circulation? Retrieved from