Reviewed November 2022
An inflamed, hot or painful joint needs rest, but too little movement over longer periods can cause muscle weakness, pain and stiffness. It’s important to find the right balance of rest and exercise. Here’s some information to help you find your balance.
When you have pain it can be easy to slip into thinking only about how the pain limits your activity. These thoughts might lead you to
passive treatments like heat packs or medication. While these types of strategies may be useful for a couple of weeks after an injury or
during a flare, when the pain is ongoing, reintroducing physical activity is important.
Physical activity refers to any movement of the body. This means it covers a broad range of activities, including recreational activities like games and sport, transport such as walking and cycling, work-related activity, household chores and daily activity as well as planned or structured exercise.
We all know that being physically active is good for us. It is an important part of staying fit and healthy and people who are physically active may experience less pain.
It is important to choose the right type of physical activity or exercise. If you aren’t sure which exercises are suitable for you, talk to your doctor and an exercise professional, such as a physiotherapist or exercise physiologist.
There are many different forms of exercise to choose from. The type that will be best for you will depend on your personal preference, the severity of your symptoms and whether or not you have other forms of arthritis or other health issues.
Flexibility – stretching and range of movement exercises help maintain or improve the flexibility of your joints and nearby muscles. These will help keep your joints moving properly and ease stiffness.
Strength – these type of exercises build muscle strength, provide stability to
your joints and improve your ability to perform daily tasks.
Overall fitness – exercise that gets you moving and increases your heart rate, such as walking, swimming or cycling, will help improve the health of your heart and lungs. These exercises can also help with endurance, weight loss, and prevention of other health problems. This type of exercise is also called aerobic exercise, cardiovascular exercise or ‘cardio’.
Choose something you enjoy and you’re committed to doing. Consider exercising with friends, in a group or a team environment if you
find it difficult to get motivated.
Try to focus on the levels of physical activity you can sustain without having a flare up, rather than what you might not be able to do yet. Increasing activity levels slowly can be a good approach if you have pain currently.
Always talk to your doctor and/or health professional before starting an exercise program. A physiotherapist or exercise physiologist can suggest safe exercises and make sure you are doing your exercises correctly.